Pallme-Koenig Glass

Pallme-Koenig Glass
Pallme-Koenig Glassfrom the
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Pallme-Koenig glass vase
glass vase c. 1900

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Pallme Konig Glass

Pallme-Konig Glass: A short explanation

The Pallme glassworks was first established in Steinschonau, Austria, in approximately 1786 by Ignaz Pallme-Konig. In the 1880s and 1890s the firm of Ignaz Pallme-Konig was making and exporting high quality engraved glass and chandeliers. Around the turn of the century they merged with Wilhelm Habel's Elizabethhutte glassworks near Teplitz and became Pallme-Konig and Habel.

During the Art Nouveau period, this glass company produced high quality iridized glass, and its finest production was the type illustrated on the left. Hot glass trails were wound around the iridized glass forming a network, and the piece was then blown into a mold.

The output from the Elizabethhutte was, and still is, very highly regarded in Austria. Production of this beautiful, highly specialised type of design continued until the early 1920's. Pallme-Konig vases often have cuts at the top and pieces folded down in a way which emphasis the once-molten nature of glass.

There were several companies with the Pallme-Konig name and many of them continued to produce glass until the industry was nationalised after the end of the War in Europe. Pallme-Konig and Habel glass is never signed, and does not normally have a pontil mark. The whole vase, with its molten trails on the surface, was blown into a mold pushing the trails into the surface, and then finished from the top.

Pallme Konig and Habel glass is often confused with Loetz glass, the major Austrian glass maker of the Art Nouveau period. Loetz also made iridized glass vases and bowls with trails of glass around the outside, but usually the Loetz trails are left proud of the surface, not blown into a mold to push them into the surface. Very often these kind of Loetz trails are finer, and are not necessarily in a contrasting color to the vase itself. Loetz also made glass with trails that have been flattened and smoothed to the surface of the vase, again distinctly different from Pallme Konig and Habel. Similar types of glass were made by other Austrian glassworks at that time.

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References & Bibliography: Here are some books which include sections on Pallme-Koenig glass that you may like to know about. Click on any picture or underlined title to read more about that book.

1: Collectible Bohemian Glass: 1880-1940, by Robert and Deborah Truitt, 1995
2: Glass: Art Nouveau to Art Deco, by Victor Arwas, Academy Editions, 1987.
3: Czechoslovakian Glass 1350 - 1980, Corning Museum of Glass, 1981.
4: Bohemian Glass, by Sylva Petrova & Jean-Luc Olivie, 1989.

Bohemian Glass book by the Truitts Bohemian glass book2 Arwas glass book

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