Scandinavian glass by Flygfors
above: Scandinavian
glass by Flygsfors




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Scandinavian Glass - from
The Glass Encyclopedia

A short explanation of Scandinavian Glass:
Scandinavia consists of four countries to the North West of Europe, namely Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Denmark. Scandinavian Glass was not widely known until the 1920's, when glass designers, especially in Sweden started a movement to bring high design standards to mass-produced glassware.

The great Orrefors glass-works led the way and designers like Simon Gate and Edward Hald developed techniques like Graal glass and Ariel glass, Sven Palmquist developed Ravenna glass, and Vicke Lindstrand contributed to these designs for Orrefors from 1928 to 1941.

Other Swedish glassworks such as Flygsfors and Kosta produced some brilliant designs this century. Paul Kedelv had a studio at Flygsfors in the 1950's where he produced his Coquelle series of sculptured vessels like the one pictured above left. Flygsfors was an old Swedish glassworks founded in 1888 which was later taken over by Orrefors (in the 1970's) and closed in 1980. Vicke Lindstrand designed for Orrefors in the 1930's, worked for Upsala-Ekeby until 1950, and during the 1950's and 60's he designed some beautiful glass pieces for Kosta, the oldest glassworks in Sweden (founded 1742).

In Norway the main glassworks is Hadelands in Oslo, which was started in 1762. Notable glass designers from Norway in the 1950's were Arne jon Jutrem and Severin Bjorby.

All four Scandinavian countries benefited commercially and industrially by their neutrality during the two world wars, and their glassworks evolved beautiful harmonious designs at a time when little was happening in the glassworks of Europe.

The leading Danish glassworks are Kastrup and Holmegaards, which became one company in 1954. Per Lutken and Michael Bang are their most famous designers, concentrating on very simple flowing vases in dark colours.

And finally, Finland, where the most famous glassworks is Karhulla Iittala and the two most celebrated designers are Tapio Wirkkala and Timo Sarpaneva. Among the many creative designs by Wirkalla were his vases, bowls, and glasses which were blown into wooden molds that still had the wood texture prominent on their surfaces. These designs were popular for several decades from the 1950's.



References and Further Reading

Click on any book cover or underlined title below to read more about that book.

1: Scandinavian Ceramics & Glass: 1940s to 1980s by George Fischler, Barrett Gould (Oct 2000).
2: The Brilliance of Swedish Glass 1918-1939: An alliance of art and industry by Anne-Marie Ericson et.al. (Dec 96 ).
3: Orrefors Glass by Alistair Duncan (Feb 96)
4: Suomen-Lasi-Finnish Glass (June 1980)
5: Orrefors: A Century of Swedish Glassmaking published in June 1999 and edited by Kerstin Wickman.
6: Swedish Glass Factories: Production Catalogues 1915-1960, by Lars Thor and Helmut Ricke (ed) published in Sept 1987 but still available.

Tapio Wirkkala 2016 Scandinavian glass by Geary Swedish glass by Friedman Smoke and Ice book Scandinavian Fire and Sea Scandinavian Ceramics and Glass Orrefors glass book Orrefors Century book Orrefors glass book Scandinavia Ceramics & Glass Swedish Arts Legacy Finnish glass book 20th Century glass book















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